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MIGRATION - Appeal from single Judge dismissing an application for review of decision of Refugee Review Tribunal ("RRT") - RRT affirmed decision of delegate not to grant protection visa to applicant - application of Article 1(D) of Refugee Convention - whether expression "ipso facto" in Article 1(D) confers an entitlement on the appellant to a protection visa

WAED v Minister for Immigration and Multicultural Affairs [2002] FCAFC 333

WAED v Minister for Immigration and Multicultural Affairs [2002] FCAFC 333 (8 November 2002)
Last Updated: 19 November 2002


FEDERAL COURT OF AUSTRALIA
WAED v Minister for Immigration and Multicultural Affairs [2002] FCAFC 333


MIGRATION - Appeal from single Judge dismissing an application for review of decision of Refugee Review Tribunal ("RRT") - RRT affirmed decision of delegate not to grant protection visa to applicant - application of Article 1(D) of Refugee Convention - whether expression "ipso facto" in Article 1(D) confers an entitlement on the appellant to a protection visa

Migration Act 1958 (Cth)

WAEI v Minister for Immigration and Multicultural Affairs [2002] FCAFC 334 referred to

Minister for Immigration and Multicultural Affairs v WABQ [2002] FCAFC 329 referred to

WAED v MINISTER FOR IMMIGRATION AND MULTICULTURAL AFFAIRS

W 23 of 2002

HILL, MOORE AND TAMBERLIN JJ

SYDNEY (HEARD IN PERTH)

8 NOVEMBER 2002

IN THE FEDERAL COURT OF AUSTRALIA



WESTERN AUSTRALIA DISTRICT REGISTRY
W 23 OF 2002





ON APPEAL FROM A SINGLE JUDGE OF THE FEDERAL COURT OF AUSTRALIA

BETWEEN:
WAED

APPELLANT


AND:
MINISTER FOR IMMIGRATION AND MULTICULTURAL AFFAIRS

RESPONDENT


JUDGES:
HILL, MOORE AND TAMBERLIN JJ


DATE OF ORDER:
8 NOVEMBER 2002


WHERE MADE:
SYDNEY (HEARD IN PERTH)




THE COURT ORDERS THAT:

1. The appeal is dismissed.

2. The appellant pay the respondent's costs.

Note: Settlement and entry of orders is dealt with in Order 36 of the Federal Court Rules.

IN THE FEDERAL COURT OF AUSTRALIA



WESTERN AUSTRALIA DISTRICT REGISTRY
W 23 OF 2002




BETWEEN:
WAED

APPELLANT


AND:
MINISTER FOR IMMIGRATION AND MULTICULTURAL AFFAIRS

RESPONDENT




JUDGES:
HILL, MOORE AND TAMBERLIN JJ


DATE:
8 NOVEMBER 2002


PLACE:
SYDNEY (HEARD IN PERTH)





REASONS FOR JUDGMENT
HILL J:

1 I have read the judgment of Tamberlin J and for the reasons which I have given in Minister for Immigration and Multicultural Affairs v WABQ [2002] FCAFC 329, I am of the view that protection obligations do not automatically arise under the second paragraph for Article 1(D) of the Convention relating to the Status of Refugees done at Geneva on 28 July 1951 as amended by the Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees done at New York on 31 January 1967 ("the Convention"). Thus, as the appellant does not fall within the definition of "refugee" in article 1A(2) of the Convention, the appeal must be dismissed with costs.

I certify that the preceding one (1) numbered paragraph is a true copy of the Reasons for Judgment herein of the Honourable Justice Hill.




Associate:

Dated: 8 November 2002

IN THE FEDERAL COURT OF AUSTRALIA



WESTERN AUSTRALIA DISTRICT REGISTRY
W 23 OF 2002




BETWEEN:
WAED

APPELLANT


AND:
MINISTER FOR IMMIGRATION AND MULTICULTURAL AFFAIRS

RESPONDENT




JUDGES:
HILL, MOORE AND TAMBERLIN JJ


DATE:
8 NOVEMBER 2002


PLACE:
SYDNEY (HEARD IN PERTH)





REASONS FOR JUDGMENT
MOORE J:

2 I agree with the reasons and orders of Tamberlin J.

I certify that the preceding one (1) numbered paragraph is a true copy of the Reasons for Judgment herein of the Honourable Justice Moore.




Associate:

Dated: 8 November 2002

IN THE FEDERAL COURT OF AUSTRALIA



WESTERN AUSTRALIA DISTRICT REGISTRY
W 23 OF 2002





ON APPEAL FROM A SINGLE JUDGE OF THE FEDERAL COURT OF AUSTRALIA

BETWEEN:
WAED

APPELLANT


AND:
MINISTER FOR IMMIGRATION AND MULTICULTURAL AFFAIRS

RESPONDENT




JUDGES:
HILL, MOORE AND TAMBERLIN JJ


DATE:
8 NOVEMBER 2002


PLACE:
SYDNEY (HEARD IN PERTH)





REASONS FOR JUDGMENT
TAMBERLIN J:

3 This is an appeal from a decision of a Judge of the Court dismissing an application for an order of review of a decision of the Refugee Review Tribunal ("the Tribunal") made on 23 August 2001 by which the Tribunal affirmed a decision of the delegate of the Minister for Immigration and Multicultural Affairs ("the Minister") not to grant a protection visa to the appellant. The appellant is a stateless Palestinian, registered with the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East ("UNRWA"). He was born in Syria and has lived there most of his life. He arrived in Australia on 24 August 2000. On 14 December 2000 the appellant lodged an application for a protection visa with the Department of Immigration and Multicultural Affairs ("the Department") under the Migration Act 1958 (Cth) ("the Act"). On 21 March 2001 a delegate of the Minister refused to grant a protection visa. On 26 March 2001 the appellant applied to the Tribunal for a review of that decision.

4 In substance the issues in this case are virtually identical with those raised in the decision in WAEI v Minister for Immigration and Multicultural Affairs [2002] FCAFC 334 so far as the submissions made in relation to the operation of Article 1(D) of the Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees done in Geneva on 28 July 1951 as amended by the Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees done at New York on 31 January 1967 ("the Convention") are concerned.

5 In written submissions for the appellant, it is conceded that unless the second paragraph of Article 1(D) applies so as to automatically entitle him to protection regardless of whether he satisfies the definition in Article 1(A) of the Convention, then the appeal must fail.

6 For the reasons I gave in Minister for Immigration and Multicultural Affairs v WABQ [2002] FCAFC 329, I do not consider that the second paragraph of Article 1(D) automatically applies by reason of the expression "ipso facto" to confer an entitlement on the appellant to a protection visa.

7 The Minister in this matter has filed a Notice of Contention, arguing that the primary Judge erred in his interpretation of Article 1(D). It is not necessary on this appeal to deal with those contentions.

8 In so far as the appeal relates to the reasons of the decision of the Tribunal that the appellant is not a "refugee", I agree with the primary Judge that the Tribunal's decision in relation to its assessment of whether the appellant was a "refugee" turned on the appellant's credibility and consider that no reviewable error has been made out.

9 For the above reasons the appeal should be dismissed with costs.

I certify that the preceding seven (7) numbered paragraphs are a true copy of the Reasons for Judgment herein of the Honourable Justice Tamberlin.




Associate:

Dated: 8 November 2002

Appellant appeared in person.







Counsel for the Respondent:
L B Price






Solicitor for the Respondent:
Australian Government Solicitor






Date of Hearing:
20 May 2002






Date of Judgment:
8 November 2002


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